Reference sRGB / Rec.709 Colors
Virtually all current consumer content
is based on the sRGB/Rec.709 Color Gamut Standard.
below shows 21 Reference Colors for the
Standard sRGB / Rec.709 Color Gamut as White, Gray, and Black circles,
The 10 Black circles are the 100 percent fully saturated colors on the periphery
of the Gamut triangle.
The 10 Gray circles are the 50 percent saturated colors that are exactly midway
between the White Point and the 100 percent saturated colors on the periphery.
The White circle is the White Point with zero percent color saturation.
Uniform Color Diagrams
All color measurements are plotted on 1976 CIE Uniform Color Diagrams.
Note that the older 1931 CIE Diagrams that are published by many reviewers
are highly non-uniform and are meaningless for Color Accuracy.
Absolute Color Accuracy Plots
Figures 2b 2c
below show the measured on-screen colors of the
sRGB/Rec.709 Reference Colors for the iPad Air 2 and iPad mini 3.
are all shown as Black circles and the measured
Colors for each of the iPads are shown as Red circles.
Color Errors smaller than the appropriate JNCD are not visually noticeable.
The 1 JNCD and 3 JNCD Errors are discussed next and are shown in the Figures below.
Just Noticeable Color Difference JNCD
The on-screen colors produced by any display can be measured using a
Spectroradiometer together with our DisplayMate Test Patterns.
The accuracy of the colors can then be calculated using the
1976 CIE Uniform Chromaticity color space and compared to the
eye's sensitivity to color.
We present the color accuracy and errors here in terms of
MPCD Minimum Perceptible Color Difference or
JNCD Just Noticeable Color Difference,
where 1 MPCD = 1 JNCD = Δ(u'v') = 0.0040 on the
CIE 1976 Uniform Chromaticity Scale.
Color differences less than 1 JNCD are visually indistinguishable,
while values greater than 1 JNCD are visually noticeable when the
two colors are touching on-screen.
When the colors are not touching and are further apart,
the visual threshold for Just Noticing a Color Difference is higher.
Here we will use 3 JNCD for the threshold of
a visually noticeable display color difference.
The 1 JNCD and 3 JNCD sizes are shown in the Figures below.
Any Display Color Error less than 3 JNCD on a display is not visually noticeable and appears perfectly accurate to the eye.