Reference sRGB / Rec.709 Colors    

Figure 2 shows 11 Reference Colors for the Standard sRGB / Rec.709 Color Gamut as Black Circles. The outermost white curve is the limits of human color vision - the horseshoe is the pure spectral colors and the diagonal is the Line of Purples. A given display can only reproduce the colors that lie inside of the triangle formed by its primary colors. Highly saturated colors seldom occur in nature so the colors that are outside of the Standard Gamut are seldom needed and are unlikely to be noticed or missed in the overwhelming majority of real images. Note that consumer content does not include colors outside of the Standard Gamut, so a display with a wider Color Gamut cannot show colors that aren't in the original and will only produce inaccurate exaggerated on-screen colors. The circle inside is the Standard White Point D65.

Just Noticeable Color Difference JNCD
The on-screen colors produced by any display can be measured using a Spectroradiometer together with our DisplayMate Test Patterns. The accuracy of the colors can then be calculated using the 1976 CIE Uniform Chromaticity color space and compared to the eye's sensitivity to color. We present the color accuracy and errors here in terms of MPCD Minimum Perceptible Color Difference or JNCD Just Noticeable Color Difference, where 1 MPCD = 1 JNCD = Δ(u'v') = 0.0040 on the CIE 1976 Uniform Chromaticity Scale.

Color differences less than 1 JNCD are visually indistinguishable, while values greater than 1 JNCD are visually noticeable when the two colors are touching on-screen. When the colors are not touching and are further apart, the visual threshold for Just Noticing a Color Difference is higher. Here we will use 3 JNCD for the threshold of a visually noticeable display color difference. Any Color Accuracy or Color Error less than 3 JNCD is visually indistinguishable.

Reference Colors for sRGB / Rec.709
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