Mirror (specular) reflections from display screens can be very annoying because they are superimposed images that compete with the display image. Plus the eye automatically tries to focus on the distant reflected images instead of the screen. Both of these effects cause eye strain. Because the screens are made up of multiple layers of glass and plastic they actually produce multiple reflections from light bouncing off each of the different layers.
To examine the reflections we bounced a tiny 3mm in diameter highly collimated pencil beam of light at 45 degrees to the screen and photographed the reflected beams, which appear as overlapping circles in the photos below. This lets us identify and measure the different layers within the screens. Highly magnified photos from each Tablet are shown below together with a simplified diagram that outlines how it works. Each display has 2 or 3 prominent reflections. The top circle is from the top layer of the cover glass. Each subsequent layer produces an additional reflected circle.
The iPhone 5 and Galaxy S III have their Cover Glass bonded directly to the
display so there is no Air Gap like the ones seen in the
new iPad and the iPad 2.
The lack of an Air Gap reduces the Reflectance of Ambient Light.